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HOW TO TREAT & HEAL ANKLE SPRAIN?

 

An ankle sprain is a common injury and often heals on its own. But if there is a severe sprain, it needs months of healing or even surgery. So, it is best to see a doctor when you have an ankle sprain. A physician will provide you with the right treatment for speedy recovery while reducing the risk of any chronic injury.

An ankle sprain is a common injury. It can happen anytime when your ankle rolls in/out with a sudden jerk. With sudden abrupt movement, your ankle joint can move out of place.

When there’s an inward ankle roll, it’s known as an eversion sprain. It can affect tendons and ligaments, along with the inner part of your ankle. On the other hand, the outward ankle roll is called the inversion sprain. It usually affects the outside ligaments of the ankle.

Both inversion and eversion sprains may cause ligaments of the ankle to tear. It leads to varying degrees of swelling and pain.

1. First Aid

Ankle Therapy Wrap

If you feel you have an ankle sprain, you need to get first aid. Never put any weight or pressure on the ankle, as it enhances the risk of broken bones or some other injuries. You need to sit in comfortably first and elevate the ankle to reduce swelling.

Even Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen can be consumed to alleviate pain and swelling. If possible, wear an Ankle Therapy Wrap for supporting the joint while preventing it from moving and twisting.

2. When to See a Doctor

When to See a Doctor

You must see a doctor for an ankle sprain when you notice:

  • Severe swelling
  • Extreme pain
  • Odd shape around ankle
  • Limited range of motion
  • Inability to walk for more than a few steps

3. Symptoms of Ankle Sprain

Some symptoms of an ankle sprain may vary as per the severity of the injury. It may include:

  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Tenderness on touching the ankle
  • Pain on bearing some weight on your affected foot
  • Restricted movement of the injured ankle
  • Popping sound or sensation during the injury
  • Ankle instability

It is usually difficult to diagnose the ankle sprain based on symptoms alone. So, you must visit a doctor. Most doctors at healthcare clinics can easily diagnose ankle sprain. If the injury is serious, they may refer you to an orthopaedist or ankle surgeon.

4. Treatment of Ankle Sprain

The ankle sprain treatment often depends on the severity of the injury. The major goals of the treatment are reducing swelling and pain while promoting ligament healing and restoring the ankle’s normal function. However, for severe injuries, you need to consult a specialist.

5. Self-care

The self-care treatment includes:

  • Rest: You need to avoid activities that may cause swelling, pain or discomfort.
  • Compression: For reducing swelling, just compress your ankle using an elastic bandage or ankle wrap until swelling cures. But don’t tie the wrap too tightly that it hinders blood circulation.
  • Ice: You need to use an ice pack after the injury for around 15 to 20 minutes. Repeat it every two to three hours throughout the day. Also, consult your doctor before applying ice.
  • Elevation: Also, elevate your ankle above heart level to reduce swelling. The gravity helps in draining excessive fluid that further helps in minimizing swelling.

6. Medications

Medications

Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Motrin IB, Advil, etc.) or naproxen sodium (Aleve) can be used for managing pain caused by an ankle sprain.

7. Therapy

 

After the pain and swelling are reduced for resuming movement, a doctor will ask you to follow certain exercises for restoring the ankle’s strength, range of motion, stability and flexibility.

Proper balance and stability are crucial for retaining your ankle’s muscle movements for supporting the joint. Even crutches are useful to balance your movements.

8. Surgery

In rare cases, your doctor may ask you to undergo surgery. This treatment is required if the ankle remains unstable or doesn’t heal even after a long period of rehabilitative exercises and physical therapy.

The surgery is done to repair a ligament that doesn’t heal. It also helps in reconstructing ankle ligament with tissue via a nearby tendon or ligament.

 

Article Resource:-https://axizz.com/how-to-treat-heal-ankle-sprain/

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